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Abstract #1909

Comparison of (k,t) sampling schemes for DCE MRI pharmacokinetic parameter estimation

Yannick Bliesener1, Sajan G. Lingala1, Justin P. Haldar1, and Krishna S. Nayak1

1Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States

We demonstrate an approach to evaluate and compare (k,t) sampling patterns for DCE-MRI. We compute Cramér-Rao lower bounds on the variance of pharmacokinetic (PK) parameter estimates, using pathologically- and anatomically-realistic digital reference objects. The framework allows for the optimization of sampling patterns independent of any specific estimator. We apply this framework to a 2D reference object for four sampling patterns: keyhole, TRICKS, lattice, and golden angle sampling. It is shown that TRICKS, lattice, and golden angle sampling enable low variance estimation for low undersampling factors. Out of these, lattice sampling keeps variances lowest with increasing undersampling factors.

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