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Abstract #0883

Including diffusion frequency dependence in the extra-axonal space to improve axonal diameter mapping using trapezoidal OGSE sequences

Kevin GINSBURGER1, Fabrice POUPON2, Felix MATUSCHKE3, Jean-François MANGIN2, Markus AXER3, and Cyril POUPON1

1UNIRS, CEA/ISVFJ/Neurospin, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 2UNATI, CEA/ISVFJ/Neurospin, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 3INM-1 Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany

We performed Monte-Carlo simulations of the diffusion process in 3D biomimetic geometries accounting for the angular dispersion and tortuosity present in white matter. Diffusion MRI data synthesis using clinically plausible trapezoidal OGSE sequences was then performed and an extra-axonal linear-in-frequency dependence of the perpendicular diffusivity transverse to axons was observed over a wide range of axon diameter values. Simulated data was fed into an ActiveAx trapezoidal OGSE model accounting for this frequency-dependence. The estimation of axonal diameter is improved by this correction.

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