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Abstract #3479

“3D-Stars” Cine MRI for the Coronary Arteries: Initial Steps towards Volumetric Endothelial Function Assessment

Gabriele Bonanno1,2, Davide Piccini3,4, Jérôme Yerly4,5, Sahar Soleimanifard1,2, Li Pan6, Xiaoming Bi7, Allison G Hays1, Matthias Stuber4,5, Robert G Weiss1,2, and Michael Schär2

1Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States, 2Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States, 3Advanced Clinical Imaging Technology, Siemens Healthcare AG, Lausanne, Switzerland, 4Department of Radiology, University Hospital (CHUV) and University of Lausanne (UNIL), Lausanne, Switzerland, 5Center for Biomedical Imaging (CIBM), Lausanne, Switzerland, 6Siemens Healthineers, Baltimore, MD, United States, 7Siemens Healthineers, Los Angeles, CA, United States

Recently, 2D coronary cine MRI has been shown to noninvasively assess coronary endothelial dysfunction, which is an early manifestation of atherosclerosis and a predictor of future acute events. However, atherosclerosis is a diffuse process, whereas this 2D approach provides local functional measures. Here, we present a free-breathing golden-angle 3D stack-of-stars cine sequence with isotropic spatial resolution combined with respiratory self-gating and 5D-GRASP reconstruction to image the proximal and mid segments of the right coronary artery. We call this new method “3D-Stars” and show feasibility to obtain volumetric cross-sectional area measures that can be used in future endothelial function studies.

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