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Abstract #5168

Differentiation of Pulmonary From Non-Pulmonary Spine Metastases Using Conventional DCE Kinetic Analysis and Machine Learning

Ning Lang1, Yang Zhang2, Enlong Zhang1, Jiahui Zhang1, Daniel Chow2, Peter Chang3, Melissa Khy2, Hon J. Yu2, Huishu Yuan1, and Min-Ying Su2

1Department of Radiology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China, 2Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States, 3Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States

DCE-MRI of the spine was analyzed to differentiate metastasis from lung cancer (N=30) and other tumors (N=31, 9 breast, 6 prostate, 7 thyroid, 6 liver, 3 kidney). Using DCE parameters measured from the tumor ROI, CHAID decision tree classification selected the wash-out slope of -6.6% and wash-in SE of 98% as thresholds, which could achieve diagnostic accuracy of 0.79. In machine learning, the enhanced tumor on DCE image was segmented automatically by using the normalized cut algorithm. The Convolutional Long Short Term Memory (CLSTM) network with all 12 sets of DCE images as the input could yield accuracy of 0.75-0.84.

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