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Abstract #5306

EEG Correlates of Real-time fMRI Neurofeedback of the Amygdala in Combat-related PTSD Evaluated Using eLORETA

Vadim Zotev1, Raquel Phillips1, Masaya Misaki1, Chung Ki Wong1, Brent Wurfel1, Matthew Meyer1,2, Frank Krueger1,3, Matthew Feldner1,4, and Jerzy Bodurka1,5

1Laureate Institute for Brain Research, Tulsa, OK, United States, 2Laureate Psychiatric Clinic and Hospital, Tulsa, OK, United States, 3Neuroscience Dept., George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States, 4Dept. of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, United States, 5College of Engineering, Stephenson School of Biomedical Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Tulsa, OK, United States

We have performed a study of emotion regulation training in veterans with combat-related PTSD using real-time fMRI neurofeedback (rtfMRI-nf) with simultaneous EEG. Eighteen PTSD patients learned to upregulate their left amygdala activity using rtfMRI-nf during a positive emotion induction task based on retrieval of happy autobiographical memories. EEG source analysis with eLORETA revealed task-specific changes in the current source densities in the upper alpha and delta EEG bands that significantly correlated with PTSD severity. These results suggest that the rtfMRI-nf training in combination with EEG source analysis provides new insights into the neurobiology of PTSD.

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