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Abstract #0632

Direct comparison between macromolecular proton fraction and apparent diffusion coefficient as quantitative biomarkers of the human fetal brain maturation

Vasily L. Yarnykh1,2, Irina Y. Prihod'ko3, Andrey A. Savelov3, and Alexandra M. Korostyshevskaya3

1Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States, 2Research Institute of Biology and Biophysics, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russian Federation, 3Institute “International Tomography Center” of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) is known as a quantitative biomarker of prenatal brain maturation. Fast macromolecular proton fraction (MPF) mapping is an emerging method for quantitative assessment of myelination that was recently adapted to fetal MRI. This study compared spatiotemporal trajectories of MPF and ADC changes in the brain anatomic structures of 42 fetuses in utero. MPF and ADC demonstrated qualitatively similar but quantitatively different spatiotemporal patterns. MPF appeared more sensitive to changes in the brain structures with known prenatal onset of myelination.

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