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Abstract #3682

Gender differences in the relationship between gray matter structure and psychological resilience in late adolescence

Cheng Yang1, Song Wang1, and Qiyong Gong1

1Huaxi MR Research Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

Although behavioral studies have shown that males are more resilient than females, the effects of gender on the relationship between brain structure and psychological resilience are largely unknown. Here, we investigated the gender-specific associations between psychological resilience and regional gray matter volume (GMV) in 231 healthy adolescents via structural magnetic resonance imaging. We found that the relationship between psychological resilience and GMV differed between genders in the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, with a positive correlation in males and a negative correlation in females. Therefore, our study provided the first evidence for the gender-specific neuroanatomical correlates of psychological resilience.

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