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Abstract #0134

Diffusion tensor distribution imaging of brain tumor microstructure and heterogeneity

João de Almeida Martins1, Samo Lasic1, Yuan Zheng2, Qing Wei2, Sirui Li3, Wenbo Sun3, Haibo Xu3, Karin Bryske1, and Daniel Topgaard1,4
1Random Walk Imaging, Lund, Sweden, 2United Imaging Healthcare, Shanghai, China, 3Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China, 4Lund University, Lund, Sweden

For voxels containing multiple cell or tissue types, DTI metrics are challenging to interpret in terms of specific microstructural properties. We address this problem by adapting encoding and inversion strategies from solid-state and low-field NMR to determine diffusion tensor distributions (DTDs) with dimensions corresponding to cell densities, shapes, and orientations. Three patients with glioma, meningioma, or cerebral cyst underwent 5 min DTD imaging giving 15 distinct parameter maps for quantitative analysis and intuitive microsctructural interpretation. The DTD-derived metrics showed good agreement with expected tissue properties and structural insights not accessible with DTI.

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