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Abstract #4585

Mapping the spatiotemporal developmental pattern of the cortex and its adjacent white matter for preterm neonates using MRI

Shiyu Yuan1, Dr. Mengting Liu1, Jingda Yang 1, Dr. Arthur W. Toga1, Dr. A. James Barkovich2, Dr. Duan Xu2, and Dr. Hosung Kim 3
1USC Stevens Neuroimaging and Informatics Institute, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States, 2University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States, 3USC Stevens Neuroimaging and Informatics Institute as department, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States

Myelination is essential for normal brain function. The development of myelin begins in the third trimester of pregnancy and enables rapid synchronized communication between different brain regions. During the 3rd trimester of gestation overlapping with preterm birth, the neurodevelopment undergoes intensive cyto and myeloarchitecture changes. The T1/T2 ratio is a surrogate for the degree of myelination but has not been used to study early neurodevelopment. Using T1/T2 ratio, we show the unique spatiotemporal pattern of the cyto and myeloarchitecture changes in preterm neonates. This result may be useful in prediction of neurodevelopmental outcome and functional impairments in preterm survivors.

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