This study measured the ADC and T2 values of the pancreas in T2DM patients and control subjects. Distribution of T2 values were uneven in different locations of pancreas in both T2DM patients and control subjects , and the T2 values in head and neck were higher than those of body and tail. While distribution of ADC values was even in both of the two groups (P>0.05). ADC values of pancreas in T2DM patients were lower than those of control subjects, and it is inversed for T2 values . It may indicate that pancreatic cells are more closely arranged with reduced cell gaps.