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Abstract #2724

Gradient adjustments for improved pcASL exploiting a B1+ shimmed labeling train

Christian R. Meixner1, Sebastian Schmitter2,3, Jürgen Herrler4, Arnd Dörfler4, Michael Uder1, and Armin M. Nagel1,3
1Institute of Radiology, University Hospital Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany, 2Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), Braunschweig und Berlin, Germany, 3Division of Medical Physics in Radiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany, 4Institute of Neuro-Radiology, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany

Pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (pcASL) at 7T suffers from insufficient B1+-amplitudes and specific absorption rate (SAR) constraints. Even with B1+ phase-only or phase/amplitude shimming for the labeling the resulting inversion is suboptimal. In this work, we performed Bloch simulations to examine the impact of thicker pcASL labeling slices by adjusting the slice-selective gradient of a B1+-shimmed labeling train exploiting Variable-Rate Selective Excitation. The findings were evaluated experimentally in 5 healthy volunteers. Using lower slice-selective gradients and subsequently longer exposure of the spins to the pcASL labeling train, the perfusion images improved according to gray matter temporal signal-to-noise ratio by 35%.

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