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Abstract #3265

Stratifying ischaemic stroke patients across 3 treatment windows using T2 relaxation times, ordinal regression and cumulative probabilities

Bryony L. McGarry1,2, Elizabeth Hunter1, Robin A. Damion2, Michael J. Knight2, Philip L. Clatworthy3, George Harston4, Keith W. Muir5, Risto A. Kauppinen6, and John D. Kelleher1
1PRECISE4Q Predictive Modelling in Stroke, Information Communications and Entertainment Institute, Technological University Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, 2School of Psychological Science, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom, 3Stroke Neurology, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, United Kingdom, 4Acute Stroke Programme, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, 5Institue of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 6Faculty of Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Unknown onset time is a common contraindication for anti-thrombolytic treatment of ischaemic stroke.T2 relaxation-based signal changes within the lesion can identify patients within or beyond the 4.5-hour intravenous thrombolysis treatment-window. However, now that intra-arterial thrombolysis is recommended between 4.5 and 6 hours from symptom onset and mechanical thrombectomy is considered safe between 6 and 24 hours, there are three treatment-windows to consider. Here we show a cumulative ordinal regression model, incorporating the T2 relaxation time, predicts the probabilities of a patient being within one of the three treatment-windows and is more accurate than signal intensity changes from T2 weighted images.

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