The aim of this work was to systematically investigate whether lecithin is suitable for the construction of a diffusion phantom that covers and simulates ADC-values occurring in human tissue. For this, aqueous solutions of different lecithin concentrations (0%-10%) were prepared and measured by DWI. The presented results showed that lecithin is a suitable agent for simulating a wide variety of ADC-values. Even low concentrations showed a strong decrease in the ADC-value of water. However, with increasing concentration, lecithin also showed a strong influence on T2, so that ADC and T2 cannot be set independently from one another in lecithin-based phantoms.