Meeting Banner
Abstract #2562

Alveolar Gas Diffusion MRI as a Function of Pulmonary Pressure

Kiarash Emami1, Stephen J. Kadlecek1, Yi Xin1, Puttisarn Mongkolwisetwara1, Harrilla Profka1, Stephen Pickup1, Jianliang Zhu2, Masaru Ishii3, Rahim R. Rizi1

1Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States; 2Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States; 3Department of Otolaryngology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States

In this work, we evaluate the use of HP gas ADC measurements to assess the positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) dependence of alveolar recruitment in a healthy rat model. By maintaining a constant tidal volume, ADC can be decoupled from volume dependence and thus considered a measurement of average alveolar size. In general, it was found that higher ADC values correspond with large PEEP. Additionally, at any given PEEP, the end-inhale ADC value is larger than the end-exhale ADC value, supporting the theory that in low-recruitment conditions (large numbers of collapsed alveoli), active alveoli are over-inflated (yielding high ADC).