Amy Melsaether1, Nathaniel Margolis1, Alana R. Amarosa1, Melanie Moccaldi1, Samantha Heller1, Sungheon Kim1, Linda Moy1
1Radiology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, United States
Dynamic contrast enhanced breast MRI can detect breast cancers that are occult on mammography and sonography. The enhancement pattern of such cancers relative to breast parenchyma has never been quantified. We compared 21 mammographically and sonographically occult breast cancers to control areas of parenchyma. In malignant lesions compared to controls, there was a shorter time to peak and a greater peak enhancement, but no significant difference in signal enhancement ratio. Our findings suggest that time to peak and peak enhancement can help differentiate benign breast parenchyma from otherwise occult malignant lesions, possibly reducing the need for biopsy.