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Abstract #1735

A Meta-analysis of Neuroimaging Studies of English and Chinese Semantic Processing

HengShuang Liu1 and SH Annabel Chen1,2

1Psychology, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore, 2Centre for Research And Development in Learning, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore

Activation likelihood estimation meta-analyses were adopted to investigate how English and Chinese differ in semantic neural bases. Results reveal that English semantic processing specifically recruited the left visual cortex and left IPL, while the right visual cortex and left MFG were exclusively employed by Chinese semantic processing. This language specialization was reflected in modality effects, as English semantics appeared to be retrieved more acoustically than visually whereas such gradient was diminished in Chinese. Level effects were less differentiated by English and Chinese since language particularities seemed to be cancelled out after within-language comparison between levels. These findings deepened our understanding of how linguistic features, presentation modalities, and levels shape the semantic brain.

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