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Abstract #0898

DTI reveals crucial white matter lesions in bilateral spastic cerebral palsy in infants with non-cystic periventricular leukomalacia

Haoxiang Jiang1,2,3, Xianjun Li1,2, Chao Jin1, Miaomiao Wang1, Congcong Liu1, Kevin C. Chan4, and Jian Yang1,2

1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, People's Republic of China, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, People's Republic of China, 3Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Xi’an Children Hospital, Xi’an, People's Republic of China, 4Departments of Ophthalmology and Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, PA, United States

Predicting cerebral palsy (CP) in infants with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is important for early treatment and rehabilitation. This study aimed to determine the crucial WM lesions in spastic CP (SCP) of non-cystic PVL infants using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Our results suggest that there was deceased FA in the corticospinal tract (CST) of bilateral SCP infants, but not in PVL infants without CP. Meanwhile, the posterior thalamic radiation, and the splenium of corpus callosum were damaged both in SCP and No-CP PVL infants. Therefore, Lower FA in the CST maybe a prerequisite and biomarker for identifying and predicting the outcome of SCP in infants with non-cystic PVL.

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