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Abstract #3395

Rat brain development assessed by high-field neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging

Nicolas Kunz1, Stéphane V Sizonenko2, Rolf Gruetter1,3, Petra S Hüppi2, and Yohan van de Looij1,2

1Laboratoire d'imagerie fonctionnelle et métabolique, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2Département développement et croissance, Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland, 3Département de radiologie, Geneva and Lausanne, Switzerland

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been widely used to study rodent brain development. Nevertheless, the parameters derived from DTI are sensitive to, but non-specific to, the tissue’s microstructure. Recently, NODDI (neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging) has been proposed. We aimed to estimate the real input of NODDI derived parameters in rodent brain development. ODI appears more accurate and specific to reflect GM (increase with dendritic arborization) and WM (decrease with myelination) development than FA and could be a very important parameter in the assessment of perinatal brain injuries. Conclusion about the other NODDI estimates requires further experiments.

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