Segmentation of blood vessels is the first step of visualization of vascular geometry and morphological analysis in cardiovascular diagnosis. However, the manual segmentation of blood vessels is time consuming. This study applied the level set method to automatic segmentation for carotid artery morphology on time-of-flight MR angiography images. The brightness weighting term is added to optimize the model, and the optimal setting of the parameters of the carotid artery images is discussed in detail. The results showed that the model with the brightness weighting term was more stable, accurate and efficient, which might be used to automatic segmentation of carotid arteries.