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Abstract #3962

Editing everything with HERCULES: Hadamard-encoded editing of seven low-concentration metabolites

Georg Oeltzschner1,2, Daniel Rimbault3, Mark Mikkelsen1,2, Muhammad G. Saleh1,2, Nicolaas A. J. Puts1,2, and Richard A. E. Edden1,2

1Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States, 2F. M. Kirby Research Center for Functional Brain Imaging, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD, United States, 3Division of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Human Biology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Low-concentration metabolites can be detected at 3T with J-difference-edited MR spectroscopy. However, long acquisition times (~10 min per metabolite) make edited studies of many metabolites unfeasible. Multiplexed editing experiments have increased the time efficiency of editing while maintaining its specificity. Here, we introduce HERCULES (Hadamard Editing Resolves Chemicals Using Linear-combination Estimation of Spectra), an advanced multiplexed approach to differentiate the evolution of eight editable spin systems (GABA, GSH, Asp, Asc, NAA, NAAG, Lac and 2-HG) within a single experiment. HERCULES quantifies a total number of 13 metabolites, providing a 7T-like neurochemical profile of neurotransmitters, antioxidants, and metabolic markers at 3T.

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