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Abstract #5416

Early Identification of Reduced Brain Functional Connectivity in Very Preterm Infants with Motor Impairments

Lili He1,2,3, Hailong Li1,3, and Nehal Parikh1,2,3

1Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States, 2Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, United States, 3Pediatric Neuroimaging Research Consortium, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States

Very preterm infants (<32 weeks gestational age) are at high risk for motor impairments. Investigation of brain network connectivity will improve our understanding of how brain organizational changes influence motor function and can result in improved individual risk stratification. In this work, we found reduction in functional connectivity in multiple motor and sensory regions, soon after birth, in very preterm infants at high risk of motor impairments assessed at 2 years of age. Our findings may enable mechanistic understanding and facilitate early, more accurate prediction of motor impairments.

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