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Abstract #0183

Mediators of the real-time fMRI amygdala neurofeedback training effect on PTSD symptom reduction: a whole brain structural equation model mapping analysis

Masaya Misaki1, Raquel Phillips1, Vadim Zotev1, Frank Krueger2, Matthew Feldner3, and Jerzy Bodurka1,4

1Laureate Institute for Brain Research, Tulsa, OK, United States, 2Neuroscience Department, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States, 3Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, United States, 4Stephenson School of Biomedical Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, United States

We determined mediators of the real-time fMRI neurofeedback (rtfMRI-nf) amygdala training inducing PTSD symptom reduction in combat veterans. Thirty-six veterans with PTSD (25 experimental group and 11 control group receiving a feedback from a control region) completed three rtfMRI-nf training sessions in separate days. We employed a novel whole brain structural equation model mapping (SEMM) analysis to identify brain regions that mediated the effects of the rtfMRI-nf procedure on PTSD symptoms. Results revealed that PTSD symptom reduction in the experimental group was mediated by lower activation than the control group in default mode network regions during the neurofeedback training.

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