The extent of renal allograft fibrosis is a
critical predictor of adverse allograft outcome.
This institutional review board approved study
included 109 renal transplantation recipients receiving 3 T multi-b reduced
field-of-view intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (rFOV
IVIM-DWI) examinations. The purpose of the present study is exploring the
diagnostic value of evaluating allograft fibrosis with IVIM-DWI. In the present
study, we have found that there is downward trend of ADCT and ADCD
with the development of kidney fibrosis and both of them had good diagnostic
efficiency in the distinguish fibrosis extent.