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Abstract #3720

Cerebrovascular Reactivity (CVR) mapping using intermittent breath modulation

Peiying Liu1, Cuimei Xu1, and Hanzhang Lu1

1Radiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States

Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) mapping is typically performed using CO2-inhalation or breath-holding as a vasoactive challenge while collecting BOLD images. Recently, resting-state BOLD has been used to map CVR by utilizing spontaneous fluctuations in breathing pattern, but the results could be noisy in subjects with little fluctuation in their spontaneous breathing. Here we developed a new technique for CVR mapping that does not require gas-inhalation yet provides substantially higher sensitivity than resting-state CVR mapping. This new technique is largely based on resting-state scan, but introduces intermittent modulation of breathing pattern in the subjects to enhance fluctuations in their end-tidal CO2 level.

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